Thursday, May 24, 2012

Sayyid Quthub | Zilal Fi al-Quran

Is a general trend in classical and modern interpretation of the Quran in a language that is perkata interpretation is preferred. This interpretation is commonly found in the commentaries on the works of classical antiquity. In addition, we will see how it works as a separate interpretation of everyday life. This is where the privileges of the Qur'an Fi Zilal work "Sayyid Quthub" which he wrote in prison. As a meditation on life with all its depth of knowledge he had, Sayyid Quthub successfully gave birth to a masterpiece that is known throughout the scientific world of Islam.

B. Biography of Sayyid Qutb.

Ibrahim ibn Sayyid Qutb was born in 1906 in Kampung Musyah, the Asyut, Egypt in strong families obey the teachings of religion and has the honored position in the village. Haji Ibrahim Qutb father a respected general and many devoted to the poor. Every year he turned the day-to-day with the greatness of Islam hold a banquet and the majlis-majlis al-Quran recitations in his home, especially in the month of Ramadan. His mother was also a pious and menyintai al-Quran.

When the majlis-majlis al-Quran recitations were held at his house, he heard with great humility ', with all the feeling and soul. The sight is so ingrained in the memories of his son Sayyid Qutb is still small at that time and into the sweet memories in the next age. [2]

At all times of childhood and teenage years he had shown marker-marker of high intelligence and brilliant talents caught the attention of teachers and educators, in addition to show indulgence to read, courage raised questions and issuing opinions that intelligent. He sentiasa accompany the Koran, so he entered the lecture Darul 'Ulum a high insutusi study Islam and Arabic literary famous throughout the Islamic world, where kefahaman al-Islamiyah Qur'aniyah and thought he was more fertile and terserlah.

After graduating from high recitation, he threw in the field of teacher training and writing and eventually moved to the Courant Pentadbiran Ministry Lessons in Cairo. His name is now so well known as a prolific writer who is not a Sahaja wrote in magazines and leading ilmiyah, even publishes the magazines are more insightful than the magazines that existed at that time. Studies in great demand, especially the younger generation. Those interested in penjelasanpenjelasan sharp, bold language and in-depth analysis.

When you feel mature enough, then in 1945 he decided to start writing a book. When he approached the age of forty years. And since it's up to the year 1950 he had produced twenty-six pieces of quality books in various fields of literary writing Islamiyah.

Then at dawn the day Isnin 13 Jamadil Beginning August 29, 1966 same 1386 he had met at the gallows yahadatnya after found guilty by a "Military Court" which was built by the royal revolution at that time. [3] The Supreme Court has a history of the black and victimize many innocent people. [4]

C. Background Fi Writing Zilalil Qur'an.

In 1948 he went to America to study the system of teaching and learning in the country and for nearly two years there he has made a more in-depth study in areas relating to education and learning in the country, which he has conducted observations knowledgeable about the lives of many Americans who let him down. Now he has seen and known American civilization from the close. Later in his letter to the poet Taufiq al-Hakim, he writes: "America has everything but spirit." [5]

Upon his return from America he decided to devote all his life to teaching and the vowel-e-Islami Islamiyah. At this transitional period he wrote: "The person who wrote this review is a live reading for forty years fulfilled". Activities in the first rank is read and reviewed most of the results of study in various fields of human knowledge, including the study of specialization and studies which became his favorite field. And in the end he returned to the source of 'aqeedah (al-Qur'an), the views and kefahamannya. And there he found what he was reading bahawa whole was very stunted when compared with the potential 'Aqeedah of Islam's great and will continue with the magnificence of nature. Nonetheless he is not sorry for running out of her age was forty years kerana with age during which he debuted to know the nature of ignorance, knowing penyelewengnya, kekerdilannya, emptiness, kesongsangannya, kesesiaannya and charges, the charges are distorted. Since then he confidently aware bahawa a Muslim should not unify the two different sources of knowledge were to be accepted by him.

Year 1951 - 1964 is a transition to his writings Islamiyah serious and brilliant in addition to a year-a very productive year in which the birth of the great works that became the legacy books Islamiyah is important in this age and at ages future. And the work of earning power is a sign of intellectual interpretation is "Fi Zilalil-Qur'an" and the first chapters of this commentary appeared in 1952 and he has completed the writing of this commentary as much as thirty juzu 'at the end of the fifties, which is taking our time- think almost eight years. [6]

In addition Zilalil Fi-Qur'an commentaries are written during the repression and political uncertainties game at that time. He had undergone a cruel physical torture. This is what he devoted his attention to God and to the appreciation of the Koran, where he lived under the shadow of the Koran with the whole soul and feelings and life as a penda'wah are patient, persistent, pleasure, calm , serene, round submission to Allah, does not recognize defeat and despair. Overall it is an important factors that gave birth to interpretation "Zilalil Fi-Qur'an" in a unique shape that transcends other interpretations. [7]

D. The study methodology Fi Zilalil Qur'an.

Zilalil-Fi Tafsir Qur'an written by studies relied to his deep, which is drawn directly from the Qur'an and as-Sunnah, in addition to the books bersumberkan interpretation mu'tabar. He entered into the writing of this commentary after he completes his or her experiences and studies are rich in the field of writing, teacher training, education and a broad and sharp observations about these developments during the social and political world. He has spent more than half his age in reading and penela'ahan a deep respect for the human intellect results in various fields of study and theories, berbagaibagai during the flow of thought and study of various other religions.

Before entering into the contents of the womb interpretation of the Koran he had made a deep study for several years to find the secrets the disclosure of the structure of the Qur'an and its delivery uslub beautiful and full of miracles.

The study results are accomplished Qur'aniyahnya has recorded with the title "Art in the full expression in the Qur'an) was published in 1945 and is also accompanied by the book" Landscape-qiamat scene in the Al-Quran) published in 1947 as a description and complement her first book. And this is what a lot of books referred by him in his commentary, which was born in about seven years after the birth of her first book.

Quran Tafsir-Fi Zilalil different from other interpretations that when he used a clear interpretation of the methodology interpretation of the Qur'an from the side talks and the talks are not suggested by the interlude passages of the Koran. It is precisely that he keep his commentary of the discussions of language and grammar, science discussions al-kalam and fiqh and science of story-cenita israiliyat commonplace tales found in most interpretations, including interpretations of well-known as a source of referral sources. In addition, he also did not want to beat these passages of the Koran to the findings and opinions of science is often done by people who are too ghairah to juxtaposes interpretation of the Koran with the interpretation of science.

He had thought that the discussions campuraduk side as a way to confuse the delivery of the Koran is a beautiful, straight and clear. He also considered that the discussions were a hindrance "to safeguard the Koran from my soul and my soul shelter from the Koran."

Although the interpretation of the Qur'an Fi Zilalil has been completed and although still in prison, but he still was not satisfied kalamullah draw ocean. Horizon-expanding horizon of thoughts, ideas fresh and new e-Islami, the views the views and feelings more subtle kesedarannya stimulating the heart and soul, it is precisely in the early 1960s he once again performed with great dedication to write commentaries Fi-Qur Zilalil 'an with emphasis additional descriptions of new and refinement, smoothing the need to make the interpretation that a perfect interpretation.

Effort to become more fluent in that direction when he was released from prison by the intervention of President of the Republic of Iraq Abdul Salam 'Arif at the time. On this occasion he has managed to complete the interpretation that the three-dozen chapters by the end of Surah Ibrahim, he did not get to finish the other interpretation of sura-sura because he was suddenly arrested again on charges of false and unjust.

E. Comments Scholars Against Fi Zilalil Qur'an.

It is clear that his faith is genuine, his wide reading, deep experience and talents that have made the glorious Qur'an tasir Fi Zilalil a unique interpretation and can be placed as the top objective interpretations of the old and new , where the accumulated satisfactory explanations, the set of science, the description of flavor and a loud proselytizing to build life-Islamiyah ", while Dr. Saleh Abdul Fatah al-Khalidi student of the works of Sayyid Qutb and the famous biographer has said: "The Interpretation of Sayyid Qutb's" Fi Zilalil-Quran "is regarded as a religious commentary on the world, he has added kerana various terms and ideas , and various views that exceed the previous interpretations, is also regarded as pengagas new study in the science of interpretation, in which he has introduced a stream of commentary Haraki. "

Zilalil-Fi Tafsir Qur'an is the only interpretation of the most widely spread throughout the Islamic world in this day and age, in addition to study materials and the main references of the scholars' and the mufassirin. Said Dr. Hasan Farahat: "Zilalil Fi Tafsir-Quran" has become so famous because Sayyid Qutb (may Allaah have mercy) has written this commentary twice: the first time he wrote with the ink of the scholar and the second time he wrote with blood martyrs. Yusof said al-'Azym "" Zilalil-Fi Tafsir Qur'an "is considered to be a reasonable opening Rabbani is inspired by God to the author. He was awarded the eyes of a sensitive that is able to perceive these notions, ideas and thoughts that are not smooth everywhere achieved by other authors interpretation.

But even so there are also stating that the Qur'an Fi Zilalil not considered a viable interpretation, [8] because it is only a reflection of Sayyid Qutb. He almost did not have an accurate and comprehensive reference for the limitations of the book while in prison. [9]

Fii Zhilalil Qur'an commentary is not called, and beliaupun (Sayyid Qutb) is not named as an interpretation, because he personally never named it as a commentary, he just called with the name "under the auspices of Al-Quran", the meaning of words words about the meaning of the Qur'an which he himself seems to based on what seems to him.

Limitations of reading a book he wrote with a very strong personal opinion. It is very noticeably in Zhilal. Unlike the other modern interpretations of classic and full of quotations from the Prophet Muhammad and scholars of the past to support the opinion of the commentator, Qutb almost no reference to use. He really rely on memories of a few pieces of traditions of the Prophet --- that is not much considering disciplinary backgrounds Qutb is not in the field of religion. The rest is the result of reflection itself, plus a review literary-mastered most disciplines, [10] of word choice and sentence structure verses of the Koran.

There is also the thought that the thinking of Sayyid Quthub, both in Fi Zhilal the Qur'an and in several other books need to be taken seriously. According to Rabi 'ibn Hadi who wrote a book of criticism directed against Sayyid Qutb personally or against the Muslim Brotherhood in Al-Jama'ah, in response to and refutation of the various writings, which has also received suggestions from Sheikh Al-Albany. As an example of Sayyid Qutb statement about freedom of religion, any religion, by quoting the words of God, "There is no compulsion in religion memluk." So this has knocked down the idols of religious fanaticism, and replaced with a total tolerance. On this basis there should be protection for religious freedom and freedom of worship. Then Sayyid Qutb berhujjah with God's word in Surat al-Hajj: 39-40. (Permission (to fight) for those who fight because they have been persecuted sesungguhnaya. And verily, Allah, the Almighty really help them. (Qur'an 22:39), (ie) those who have been expelled from their homes without right, except that they say: 'Our Lord is God. "Had Allah not refuse (malignancy), some people with some others, certainly have broken down the Christian monasteries, churches, homes Jewish worship and mosques, in which many called the name of Allah. Sseungguhnya God will help those who help (religious)-his. Allah truly is Strong, Mighty. (Qur'an, 22:40)) Is not a statement This is an outright rejection of the principle of al-wala 'wa'l-bara', because they love God and hates for Allah? There are many writings of Sayyid Qutb in his book that some need to be addressed and clarified, with the principle that anyone who helped the religion of Allah, Allah will help him. [11]
F. Privilege and disadvantage Fi Zilalil Qur'an.

Some features of this book are:

A. that this book was compiled by as much as possible away from the discussions which, according to Sayyid Quthub mengkaburkan only messages Koran, interpretation seperit wordy language.
2. is that this book was very tercorak the humanities that is controlled completely by the author.
3. Sayyid Quthub is striving to keep this work from Israi'liyyat stories.
4. is a genuine pride of the Koran until he does not want to carry the interpretation of science in it, like a lot of work by the exegete in modern times.
5. is a straightforward and radical language, which reflects a great desire for the progress of this community may be the result of physical abuse that he experienced while in prison.
6. originality of ideas and thoughts is the author. Limitations in addition to a lack of references to him have also been pushed generate reflections in the Qur'an.
7. is that his work is considered to have initiated a new style of thinking and in the interpretation of the Koran.

While some of the weaknesses of the Qur'an Fi Zilal are:

The first is the limited reference to Sayyid Quthub in compiling this work. These factors then result in the number of personal opinions that are very thick with the feel at the time.

Another downside to the structure. The books are born out of prison, especially those that are not written, sometimes irregular systematic. This is what happened in the first part of Mein Kamp. Because it is not written on paper, Hitler made a lot of repetition. Therefore, even after 20 years of published, repeatedly edited Mein Kampf to be easily understood. [12]

The third is the emergence of black-white dichotomy, ignorance-Islam, in modern life. This can be explained that the torture in prison, physical or psychological, as well as feelings dikangkangi by another power, the authors make a number of more radical thoughts. Ma'alim, for example. The book was considered a turning point Qutb of moderate thinkers into hard-line thinkers. When Qutb try to plot the murder of Nasser, prosecutors repeatedly cited Ma'alim. In this book Qutb introduced the black-white dichotomy, ignorance-Islam, in modern life. [13]

G. Cover.

No doubt that the interpretation of the Qur'an Fi Zilal has brought a fresh new interpretation of the Koran in the world. From the title of the Qur'an Fi Zilal have seen that want peace outlined by Sayyid Quthub when Muslims follow the Qur'an instructions. Some leaders call this work can not be said as the Koran interpretation, because the author did not mention it as a commentary and more on reflection he thought a pretty radical. [14] Some keistimewaam this book lies in the methodology of studies that focus on reflections on the Qur'an and ignore the problem -the problem is not so relevant and stories that are not so helpful in realizing the idea of ​​the Koran. But even then of course there are also some disadvantages such as lack of reference which resulted in a lack of citations of the source history. Sayyid Quthub then produce in-depth analysis and reflection.

If you are interested to copy paper, so I allowed it outright, but I hope my friend put my link ya .. I'm sure a good friend. other than  paper Sayyid Quthub | Zilal Fi al-Quran, you can read the other paper in the Aneka Ragam Makalah. And If You Want to Share your paper to my blog please click Here. By Ibrahim Lubis and My Email  Ping your blog, website, or RSS feed for Free
References and Footnote
  • Abdalla, Ulil Abshar, Dialog. Internet article on downloaded pda June 26, 2007. 
  • Fauzan, Shaykh Salih Bin Fauzan, Fatwa on FII Zhilalil Qur'an. Atikel internet al-Ikhwan, downloaded on 25 June 2007. 
  • Madkhali, Rabi 'ibn Hadi Uamir, Thinking Errors of Sayyid Qutb. Trs. Jakarta: Darul Falah, 2002. 
  • Tajuddin, Qarnis, Wading Modern Islamic Thought. The article in the January 3, 2007 edition 
  • ______________, Uncle Doblang Writing, in its issue of January 3, 2007 
  • The author team, Wikipedia. Electronic Encyclopedia, downloaded on June 26, 2007. 
  • Quthub, Sayyid, al-Quran Fi Zilal, juz I. Cairo: Daar Syuruq, 1992. 
  • _____________, Zilal Fi al-Quran, juz III. Cairo: Daar Syuruq, 1992. 
  • ___________, Zilal Fi al-Quran, juz V. Cairo: Daar Syuruq, 1992. 
  • ___________, Zilal Fi: Options Verses. Trans, pdf version. 
  • Rifai, Mohammad, Growth and Development of Tafsir. Amanah no 70 yr. XIX
[1] Sayyid Quthub, Zilal Fi al-Quran, volumes I (Cairo: Daar Syuruq, 1992), p. A. 
[2] Sayyid Quthub, Zila Fi: Pilihanl Verses. Trans, pdf version, h. 12. 
[3] Sayyid Quthub regarded as one of the characters of modernist Islam, Tajuddin Qarnis, Wading Modern Islamic Thought. The article in the January 3, 2007 edition 
[4] Sayyid Quthub, Zila Fi: Pilihanl Verses. Trans, pdf version, h. 23. 
[5] Sayyid Quthub, Zila Fi: Pilihanl Verses. Trans, pdf version, h. 18. 
[6] Writing Team, Wikipedia. Electronic Encyclopedia, downloaded on June 26, 2007. 
[7] Sayyid Quthub, Fi Zilal: Pilihanl Verses. Trans, pdf version, h. 19. 
[8] When referring to the criteria Mohammad Rifai, Growth and Development of Tafsir, the Amanah online no 70 th. Xix., There is no doubt that Zilal Fi is the work of interpretation. 
[9] Shaykh Salih Bin Fauzan Al-Fauzan, Fatwa on FII Zhilalil Qur'an. Atikel internet al-Ikhwan, downloaded on 25 June 2007. These claims are not to blame, according to the author's observation that very often Sayyid Quthub only lists titles of books and sometimes added to the name of the publisher. See Sayyid Quthub, Zilal Fi al-Quran, Juz I, III, V (Cairo: Daar Syuruq, 2002). 
[10] Qaris Tajuddin, Uncle Doblang Writing, in its issue of January 3, 2007 
[11] Rabi 'bin Hadi Al-Madkhali Uamir, Thinking Errors of Sayyid Qutb. Trs. (Jakarta: Darul Falah, 2002), p. A. 
[12] Qaris, Uncle Doblang Writing. 
[13] Qaris, Uncle Doblang Writing. 
[14] Ulil Abshar Abdalla, Dialog. Internet article on downloaded pda June 26, 2007.

No comments:

Post a Comment